“This will put in place a framework that enables local action to fit with global norms. It will generate coherence in national responses against what is a challenge to all of us collectively,” he said.

While nations work to advance the prospects of a normative framework in the form of the CCIT, Akbaruddin said there are several other steps that can be taken to de-legitimize terrorism, including agreement that all terror attacks are criminal and cannot be justified.

He said nations have to agree with the proposition that all terrorist acts are criminal, “no matter whenever, wherever and by whomsoever these are committed”.